How to do Fish Farming in Sierra Leone by Rugiatu Favor Kanu, CEO of Slay Farmer Network
Chief Executive Officer of slay farmer Network, Aminata Favour Kanu has revealed various steps to the Sierra Leonean Public on how to do fish farming. Below are some of the vital steps she recommended for the successful implementation of a fish farming project.
HOW TO DO FISH FARMING
Step 1: Select an Apposite Land Area
How to start fish farming
The CEO believes that the first step in this process is selecting a good land area. This is in terms of size, soil quality, and source of water. To get this land, you can either buy it or use your land.
Step 2: Pond Design and Construction
She believes there is no point in constructing a pond with a poor design in an expertly selected area. The pond design is equally important. The design however depends on the type of the species that you want to rear. (This is discussed in detail in the next step)
She further highlighted that Conversely, there are a few factors that must be considered regardless of the species you want to rear.
Step 3: Selecting the Fish Species
Kanu emphasized that this is the most challenging step for most people who want to start a fish farming project. This is because there are different types of fish types and species.
Therefore before deciding on the fish farming type to start, it is important that you have all the facts about it to enable you to choose wisely.
She pointed out that many factors should be well-thought-out which if not taken into consideration would adversely affect productivity greatly.
She further acknowledges the fact that Fish farming is quite an expensive investment and therefore the decision on which type to keep is not one that you want to make haphazardly. Basing it on groundless facts end up being disappointing, frustrating, and uneconomical.
1. Tilapia farming
2. Salmon farming
3. Tuna farming
4. Eel farming
5. Catfish farming
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She further shed light on the two most practiced fish species. These two most common fish species are tilapia and catfish.
Step 4: Feeding the Fish
She concluded by confirming that now that you have selected and kept the right species of fish, let us see how you feed them.
She further made an apt comparison that Just like human beings, fish need to feed well to grow healthy and rapidly. This means that buying them supplements will increase their productivity. The population of the fish must however be limited to ensure that they do not compete for food.
She further enlightens potential investors in fish farming that Fish especially tilapia mostly feed on algae, manufactured fish feeds, or water insects. You can buy pellets that are either made of soy, maize, vegetable product, and rice.
Kanu acknowledges the fact that Providing proper care and feed for your fish will make them gain weight rapidly and grow fast.
”You can also spur the growth of algae in the pond by simply adding some chicken droppings or fertilizer. They will grow rapidly, hence providing an additional food source. Feeding is best in the morning hours and afternoon. Make sure that you don’t allow any uneaten food to remain in the fish pond for many hours. This is because it may become toxic.
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“When purchasing the supplements, ensure that you insist on the species that you rear since there are different supplementary foods for the different species.” she commented